⎛⎝EUmKD⎠⎞坠子戏艺术简介

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坠子戏艺术简介

文字:[大][中][小] 2015-9-28    浏览次数:2288    

  

  坠子戏是安徽省稀有的地方戏曲剧种,原为安徽省省属十大文艺团体之一。起源上世纪初的安徽萧县,形成于二十世纪四十年代初。它是以民间说唱的单口坠子为基础,经过“大扬琴”、“道情班”和“曲艺剧”的过程发展而成。坠子戏以其主奏乐器为“大坠胡”而得名。

  ZHUIZIXISHIYIGEJUYOUNONGYUHUAIBEIXIANGTUQIXI、YISHUGEXINGHUAHENQIANGDEDIFANGXIQUJUZHONG。QIJIBENCHANGQIANGWEIWANDUOZI、FENGFUDUOCAI,SHUQINGXINGHENQIANG,DAQIDONGREN;HUAQIANGXIAODIAOYOUMOHUIXIE,CHENCICHENQIANGYOUMEIHUALI;BEIKUDE“DAHANYUN”KECUIRENLEIXIA。ZHUIZIXIDECHANGQIANGYOUZHEBUKETIDAIDEYISHUGANRANLI。

  ZHUIZIXIDEBIAOYAN,JUYOUNONGYUDESHENGHUOQIXI,YOUXIEBIAOYANCHENGSHISHICONGDANGDINONGMINDERICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGMONITILIANERCHENGDE,JUYOUJIAOQIANGDEXIANGTUHUASECAI。

  ZHUIZIXIDEJUMUDADUOYOUDANKOUZHUIZIZHONGDE“DUANZIHUA”(SHUOCHANGXIAODUAN)YU“MANZIHUA”(DABUSHU)GAIBIANERCHENG。QIZHONGCHUANTONGDAXIBAIYUCHU,XIAOXI、ZHEZIXI40YUCHU,DA、XIAOXIANDAIXI50DUOCHU。DAXIQINGJIEKOUREN,XIAOXISHENGHUOQIXINONGYU,SHENSHOUHUANGHUAIYIDAIGUANZHONGDEQINGLAI。

  ZHUIZIXIZHIJINYIYOU100DUONIANDELISHI,YOUYUTADEBIAOYANXINGSHIFEICHANGFUHEDANGDIGUANZHONGDE“KOUWEI”,YINCIFAZHANJIAOKUAI。ZHUIZIXIDEWUTAISHANGCENGXIANHOUYONGXIANCHUBEIHAOCHENGWEIZHUIZIXI“SANDAYUAN”DELIUYUANZHI、CHENYUANXIAO、CHENYUANPINGHEZHUYUEMEI、ZHANGLIFENGDENGZHUMINGBIAOYANYISHUJIAYIJIMENGMIN、XINGYADONG、ZHANGGAOYAN、ZHANGLI、LILING、WANGFANG、WUYALI、LILIANMIN、XINWENLIANG、DENGYIDAPIYOUXIUQINGNIANYANYUAN。ZHUIZIXIDEJUMU《HUNSU》、《YITIAODAYU》、《DADU》DENGCENGJINJINGHUIBAOYANCHU。《RENMINRIBAO》、《JIEFANGRIBAO》、《WENHUIBAO》、《ANHUIRIBAO》DOUCENGFABIAOZHUANTIPINGLUNWENZHANGDUIZHUIZIXIJIAYIPINGSHU。ZHUIZIXIDEYANYUANHAIDUOCIZAIGUOJIAJIHESHENGBUJIDEZHONGDAYISHUHUODONGZHONGHUOJIANG,ZHUIZIXIZAIANHUIXIQUSHISHANGZHANYOUYIDINGDEWEIZHI。

   (一)坠子戏是带有鲜明皖北地方特色的剧种。音乐体制为板腔体。唱腔可分为基本唱腔和花腔小调两种:基本唱腔的抒情性很强,男腔质朴豪放、苍劲稳健,女腔委婉多姿,庄重大气。哀怨悲苦的“寒腔”、“寒韵”催人泪下;花腔小调幽默诙谐,衬词衬腔较为固定,优美华丽。坠子戏非常擅长演出现代戏。如:《李双双》、《金妹和银娃》等。尤其是生活气息浓郁小戏。如:《小菜园》、《打赌》等。

  ZHUIZIXISHITUOTAIYUMINJIANSHUOCHANGDEYIGEXINXINGXIYOUJUZHONG,ZHIJINRENGBAOLIUYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGDESHUOCHANGYISHUDEFENGGE。ZHUIZIXIDESHUOYUCHANGJIEHEDEFEICHANGZIRU,JIASHANGZHUZOULEQIZHUIHUDEYINQU、YINSEFEICHANGJIEJINRENSHENG,TADESHANG、XIAHUAYINDOUNENGHECHANGQIANGHUNWEIYITI,GENGXIANXIANLEZHEIYIJUZHONGCHANGQIANGDETEDIAN。

佰德利游戏   ZHUIZIXI“ZHONGCHANG”。ZAIZHUIZIXIWUTAISHANGFANYOUJIANSHUDEYANYUAN,XIANGHAOCHENG“SANDAYUAN”DELIUYUANZHI、CHENYUANXIAO、CHENYUANPINGHEZHUYUEMEI、ZHANGLIFENGDENG,WUYIBUSHIYICHANGZHISHENGDE。ZHUIZIXIDEYANCHANGYIBENSANGFAYIN,CHANGFAYOU“DAKOU”、“XIAOKOU”、ZHIFEN。“DAKOU”YIZHUANG(ZHUANGZHONG)、HONG(HONGLIANG)、GANG(GANGJING)、HOU(HUNHOU)WEIQIGEXING,“XIAOKOU”ZEYIQIAO(QIAOLI)、QIAO(KOUQIAO)、CUI(CUISHUI)、ROU(ROUMEI)WEIQITEDIAN。ZAICHANGQIANGZHONGHAIJINGCHANGCHUXIANXUANLVSHANG、XIASIDUDIAOSHIDEZIRANJIAOTI。FENGFUSHENGDONGDEHUAIBEIBENTUYUYANYESHIZHUIZIXIBIAOYANTESEZHONGBUKEFENGEDEYIBUFEN。

佰德利游戏   ZHUIZIXIDEBIAOYAN,ZAIJIAOSESHANGSUIYOUSHENG、DAN、JING、CHOUDENGXINGDANGZHIFEN,DANCHANGQIANGDEFENXINGBINGBUSHINEIMEYANGE,ZHISHIZAICHANGFA、RUNQIANGHESHIYONGCHENZIFANGMIANJIAYIBUTONGDECHULI。ZHUIZIXIBANLISUYOU“DAISHANGHUZIYANLAOTOU,ZHAIDIAORANKOUBANXIAOSHENG,ZHASHANGKUJIAOYANLAOMAER,DINGSHANGMAOJINYANXIAODAN”ZHISHUODEYANYUANJIANXINGDEXIGUAN,ZHANGQIYILAI,DUANLIANCHUBUSHAOXILUKUANGUANG、YIZHUANDUONENGYANYUAN。ZHUIZIXICONGQUYIFAZHANWEIXIQU,XINGCHENGCHUQI,JIUXUEXI、JIEJIANQITAXIONGDIXIQUJUZHONGHEMINJIANGEWUHUAGUDENGDENGDEBIAOYANXINGSHI,ZHUBUXINGCHENGZAIBIAOYANSHANGPIANZHONGYUXIESHI,JIEJINYUSHENGHUO,ZIRAN、POSHI、SATUODEBIAOYANFENGGE。ZAOQIYANCHUSHENGHUOXIAOXIJIAODUO,ZAIZHIFASHANG,DANJIAOYIBANSHAOYONG“LANHUAZHI”,ERSHIYONGBENJUZHONGTEYOUDE“DANDIANZHI”。ZAIBUFASHANGXUSHENGQIBUSHIBU“LIANG”XUEDI,XINGZOUTAIBUSHI,CAIYONG“DIANBU”。ZHEIZHONGBUFASHIGENJUSHENGHUOZHONGLAONIANRENXINGZOUDEGUILVYANBIANERLAI,WENJIANERSHAODIANDONG。QIFUDUHESUDUGENJURENWUDESHENFEN、XINGGEHENIANLINGJUEDING。SUDUMANSHI,CHENG“BABU”,SUDUKUAISHICHENG“DIANBU”。ZAIHUAZHUANGSHANG,WULUNSHENG、DANDOUBUTIMEI,CHUJINGXINGWAI,GEZHONGXINGDANGDOUCAIYONGJIEJINSHENGHUOHUADELIANPU。

  DEXINYINGSHOUDIBIAOXIANNONGMINDESHENGHUO,SHANYUBIAOYANNONGCUNTICAIDEXI,YESHIZHUIZIXIDEYIDATESE。ZHUIZIXILIDEZHONG、LAONIANYANYUAN,DABUFENDOULAIZIHUAIBEIDIQUGEXIANHUO“WAN、YU、SU、LU”JIERANGDIQUDENONGMINHUOMINJIANSHUOCHANGYIREN(ZHIJINBUSHAOYANYUANDELAOPO、HAIZIRENGZAINONGCUN),TAMENDUIDANGDINONGCUNDEXIANGFENGMINSUFEICHANGSHUXI,NONGMINSUOFASHENGDEYIQIESHIQINGDUITAMENDOUYOUZHEZHIJIEDEYINGXIANG。YINCI,TAMENDUINONGMINDESHENGHUOYOUZHESHENKEDETIYAN,YUDANGDIDELAOBAIXINGYOUZHEXUEROUBANDELIANXI,ZHEIBIANSHIZHUIZIXINENGGOUDEXINYINGSHOUDIYANHAONONGCUNXI,SHANYUFANYINGNONGMINSIXIANGGANQINGDEYIGELAOGUDESIXIANGJICHUHEXIONGHOUDESHENGHUOJILEI。CONG40NIANDAIYANCHUDE《PANJINLIANSHIMAI》、《SANJIEBAISHOU》、《WANGLINXIUQI》,50NIANDAIYANCHUDE《XIAOCAIYUAN》、《XIAOFEIE》。60NIANDAIYANCHUDE《LEIFENG》,80NIANDAIDE《JINMEIYUYINWA》,90NIANDAIDE《SANDUIFUQIJIAN》,NAIZHI2005NIANDE《DADU》DENGNONGCUNSHENGHUOXIDOUWUBUSANFAZHEHUAIBEINONGCUNNONGYUDENITUXIANGWEI。ZHEIXIEJUMUZHONGDERENWUZHIJINRENGBEIHUANGHUAIYIDAIRENMINSUOJIYIYOUXIN。CONGYIRENMENDECHUNPOBIAOYANBUNANKANCHUZHUIZIXIZHEIYIJUZHONGSHOUDANGDIMINFENGMINSUSUOYINGXIANGERXINGCHENGDE,DAIYOUQIANGLIEHUAIBEIBENTUMINJIANFENGMAODEYISHUGEXING。

  (ER)ZHUIZIXIDEYINLEBANZOUSHIYIDAZHUIHUWEIZHUXIAN(ZHUZOULEQI),JIEHEWENGZI(ERHU)、GUZHENG、PIPAGOUCHENGDE“SIDAJIAN”BAOQIANGZU,LINGWAIHAIPEIYOU:YANGQIN、DASANXIAN、DIZI、SUONA、MENDI、SHENG、ZHONGHU、DATIQINDENGLEQI。

佰德利游戏   ZHUZOULEQIZHUIHU(YENEIRENSUCHENG“DAXIAN”)YOUJIAOZHUIZI、ZHUIQIN。XINGZHUANGLEISIXIAOSANXIAN,QINGANHEXIANZHOUWEIZIHONGMUZHICHENG。“SHANKOU”WEIGUZHIXIANGQIAN,GONGMINGTONGWEITUOYUANXING,MENGYIWUTONGBAN。BIERHUGONGSHAOZHANG、SHAOCUDEGONGZIPEIYIBAIMAWEI。LIANGGENQINXIANWEICHUNSIDUDINGYIN,LIXIANWEIF,WAIXIANWEIbB,ZHUIHUDEZHONG、DIYINQUYINSE。

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